Archive for December, 2010


Friday, December 31st, 2010

Similar to Google GMMXIe depiction and interpretation I propose another one related to memory centuries that start from 1000 CE (M…):


Malware Memory eXception and Injection


Monitoring Memory, eXceptions, and Injections

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Stack Trace Art

Friday, December 31st, 2010

This is an artwork commissioned for the New Year of DeBugging 0×7DB. How many bugs can you count there? Click on the picture to expand instead of using a magnifying glass (as seen on debugging books covers):

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Happy New Year and Decade of Debugging 0×7DB - 0×7E4!

Thursday, December 30th, 2010

The New Year of DeBugging 0×7DB opens the DeBugging Decade. Just a few tips for the beginning:

1: kd>*
1: kd>* Virtual memory search
1: kd>*

1: kd> s-d 0 L?3FFFFFFF 7DB
00000000`777509dc 0000007db 0004c550 0005dd80 0000b610

1: kd>*
1: kd>* Physical memory search for the first 65535 pages
1: kd>*

1: kd> !search 7DB 0 0 FFFF
Searching PFNs in range 0000000000000001 - 000000000000FFFF for [00000000000007DB - 00000000000007DB]

Pfn              Offset   Hit              Va               Pte
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
000000000000041D 00000D10 000000000000075B FFFFF8A000437D10 FFFFF6FC500021B8
 fffff8a00040b000+0x2cd10 : NtFB (LargePool) -- BitmpSup.c
000000000000045F 00000090 000000000000079B FFFFF8A000439090 FFFFF6FC500021C8
 fffff8a00040b000+0x2e090 : NtFB (LargePool) -- BitmpSup.c
000000000000045F 00000B40 00000000000007CB FFFFF8A000439B40 FFFFF6FC500021C8
 fffff8a00040b000+0x2eb40 : NtFB (LargePool) -- BitmpSup.c
000000000000045F 00000D80 00000000000007D3 FFFFF8A000439D80 FFFFF6FC500021C8
 fffff8a00040b000+0x2ed80 : NtFB (LargePool) -- BitmpSup.c
0000000000000460 000000B0 00000000000007D9 FFFFF8A00043A0B0 FFFFF6FC500021D0
 fffff8a00040b000+0x2f0b0 : NtFB (LargePool) -- BitmpSup.c
0000000000000460 000000C8 00000000000007DA FFFFF8A00043A0C8 FFFFF6FC500021D0
 fffff8a00040b000+0x2f0c8 : NtFB (LargePool) -- BitmpSup.c
0000000000000460 000000E0 00000000000007DB FFFFF8A00043A0E0 FFFFF6FC500021D0
 fffff8a00040b000+0x2f0e0 : NtFB (LargePool) -- BitmpSup.c
0000000000000460 00000218 00000000000007DF FFFFF8A00043A218 FFFFF6FC500021D0
 fffff8a00040b000+0x2f218 : NtFB (LargePool) -- BitmpSup.c
0000000000000460 00000950 00000000000007FB FFFFF8A00043A950 FFFFF6FC500021D0
 fffff8a00040b000+0x2f950 : NtFB (LargePool) -- BitmpSup.c
0000000000000494 00000ED8 00000000000006DB FFFFF8A00042EED8 FFFFF6FC50002170
 fffff8a00040b000+0x23ed8 : NtFB (LargePool) -- BitmpSup.c
00000000000004D0 00000708 00000000000005DB FFFFF8A00042A708 FFFFF6FC50002150
 fffff8a00040b000+0x1f708 : NtFB (LargePool) -- BitmpSup.c
0000000000000562 000002A0 0000000000000FDB FFFFF8A00043C2A0 FFFFF6FC500021E0
 fffff8a00040b000+0x312a0 : NtFB (LargePool) -- BitmpSup.c
00000000000005C8 00000020 00000000000003DB FFFFF8A000422020 FFFFF6FC50002110
 fffff8a00040b000+0x17020 : NtFB (LargePool) -- BitmpSup.c
0000000000000A80 00000F58 00000000000017DB FFFFF8A00041AF58 FFFFF6FC500020D0
 fffff8a00040b000+0xff58 : NtFB (LargePool) -- BitmpSup.c
0000000000003411 000008E0 00000000000005DB FFFFFA80000118E0 FFFFF6FD40000088
0000000000003411 00000948 00000000000005DB FFFFFA8000011948 FFFFF6FD40000088
0000000000003413 00000D18 000000000000079B FFFFFA8000013D18 FFFFF6FD40000098
0000000000003415 00000510 000000000000079B FFFFFA8000015510 FFFFF6FD400000A8
0000000000003415 00000518 000000000000075B FFFFFA8000015518 FFFFF6FD400000A8
0000000000003416 00000CB8 00000000000007D9 FFFFFA8000016CB8 FFFFF6FD400000B0
0000000000003431 00000110 00000000000017DB FFFFFA8000031110 FFFFF6FD40000188
0000000000003431 00000D10 0000000000000FDB FFFFFA8000031D10 FFFFF6FD40000188
0000000000003449 00000118 00000000000017DB FFFFFA8000049118 FFFFF6FD40000248
0000000000003466 00000218 00000000000007CB FFFFFA8000066218 FFFFF6FD40000330
0000000000003466 000004B0 00000000000007D9 FFFFFA80000664B0 FFFFF6FD40000330
0000000000003466 00000510 000000000000075B FFFFFA8000066510 FFFFF6FD40000330
0000000000003467 00000110 00000000000007DB FFFFFA8000067110 FFFFF6FD40000338
000000000000346B 00000918 00000000000007DB FFFFFA800006B918 FFFFF6FD40000358
0000000000003473 00000260 00000000000005DB FFFFFA8000073260 FFFFF6FD40000398
000000000000349A 00000A10 00000000000007CB FFFFFA800009AA10 FFFFF6FD400004D0
000000000000349B 00000348 00000000000007FB FFFFFA800009B348 FFFFF6FD400004D8
000000000000352C 00000510 00000000000006DB FFFFFA800012C510 FFFFF6FD40000960
000000000000352C 00000AE0 00000000000007FB FFFFFA800012CAE0 FFFFF6FD40000960
0000000000003563 000001D0 00000000000007DF FFFFFA80001631D0 FFFFF6FD40000B18
000000000000356A 00000938 00000000000007DA FFFFFA800016A938 FFFFF6FD40000B50
0000000000003596 00000D10 00000000000087DB FFFFFA8000196D10 FFFFF6FD40000CB0
0000000000003599 00000D18 00000000000087DB FFFFFA8000199D18 FFFFF6FD40000CC8
00000000000035A8 00000738 00000000000007DA FFFFFA80001A8738 FFFFF6FD40000D40
000000000000369B 00000B30 00000000000027DB FFFFFA800029BB30 FFFFF6FD400014D8
00000000000036FE 00000B90 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA80002FEB90 FFFFF6FD400017F0
0000000000003710 00000D10 00000000000107DB FFFFFA8000310D10 FFFFF6FD40001880
0000000000003747 00000918 00000000000107DB FFFFFA8000347918 FFFFF6FD40001A38
00000000000037B9 000009D8 00000000000007DF FFFFFA80003B99D8 FFFFF6FD40001DC8
000000000000380D 00000640 00000000000003DB FFFFFA800040D640 FFFFF6FD40002068
00000000000038D7 00000870 0000000000000FDB FFFFFA80004D7870 FFFFF6FD400026B8
000000000000391B 00000490 0000000000000FDB FFFFFA800051B490 FFFFF6FD400028D8
0000000000003923 000003E0 000000000000075B FFFFFA80005233E0 FFFFF6FD40002918
000000000000392A 000001F0 00000000000007DB FFFFFA800052A1F0 FFFFF6FD40002950
000000000000393C 00000A30 00000000000007FB FFFFFA800053CA30 FFFFF6FD400029E0
0000000000003951 00000BE0 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA8000551BE0 FFFFF6FD40002A88
0000000000003964 00000F00 00000000000007FB FFFFFA8000564F00 FFFFF6FD40002B20
0000000000003980 000004D0 00000000000007CB FFFFFA80005804D0 FFFFF6FD40002C00
000000000000399D 00000900 00000000000007DA FFFFFA800059D900 FFFFF6FD40002CE8
0000000000003A11 00000910 00000000000207DB FFFFFA8000611910 FFFFF6FD40003088
0000000000003A16 00000118 00000000000207DB FFFFFA8000616118 FFFFF6FD400030B0
0000000000003B3E 00000570 00000000000006DB FFFFFA800073E570 FFFFF6FD400039F0
0000000000003D23 000003D0 00000000000006DB FFFFFA80009233D0 FFFFF6FD40004918
0000000000003D32 00000AF0 00000000000007FB FFFFFA8000932AF0 FFFFF6FD40004990
0000000000003D5C 00000580 00000000000007DB FFFFFA800095C580 FFFFF6FD40004AE0
0000000000003D7B 00000150 00000000000007DA FFFFFA800097B150 FFFFF6FD40004BD8
0000000000003D81 00000D20 00000000000007D9 FFFFFA8000981D20 FFFFF6FD40004C08
0000000000003DB9 000009A0 00000000000007DB FFFFFA80009B99A0 FFFFF6FD40004DC8
0000000000003DE7 00000AB0 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA80009E7AB0 FFFFF6FD40004F38
0000000000003DE8 000001D0 00000000000007D9 FFFFFA80009E81D0 FFFFF6FD40004F40
0000000000003F29 00000410 00000000000006DB FFFFFA8000B29410 FFFFF6FD40005948
0000000000003FA5 00000918 00000000000407DB FFFFFA8000BA5918 FFFFF6FD40005D28
000000000000401C 00000110 00000000000407DB FFFFFA8000C1C110 FFFFF6FD400060E0
000000000000443D 00000580 00000000000007FB FFFFFA800103D580 FFFFF6FD400081E8
0000000000004502 000006B0 000000000000079B FFFFFA80011026B0 FFFFF6FD40008810
000000000000456B 00000BF0 00000000000007DF FFFFFA800116BBF0 FFFFF6FD40008B58
0000000000004577 00000B90 000000000000075B FFFFFA8001177B90 FFFFF6FD40008BB8
00000000000046B7 00000330 00000000000007CB FFFFFA80012B7330 FFFFF6FD400095B8
0000000000004819 00000F90 00000000000007DB FFFFFA8001419F90 FFFFF6FD4000A0C8
0000000000004A62 00000930 00000000000003DB FFFFFA8001662930 FFFFF6FD4000B310
0000000000004AA2 00000C20 00000000000006DB FFFFFA80016A2C20 FFFFF6FD4000B510
0000000000004AB6 00000870 00000000000007FB FFFFFA80016B6870 FFFFF6FD4000B5B0
0000000000004ABB 000007C0 000000000000079B FFFFFA80016BB7C0 FFFFF6FD4000B5D8
0000000000004AD5 000003E0 00000000000007DA FFFFFA80016D53E0 FFFFF6FD4000B6A8
0000000000004BAA 00000560 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA80017AA560 FFFFF6FD4000BD50
0000000000004BE5 00000570 00000000000007CB FFFFFA80017E5570 FFFFF6FD4000BF28
0000000000004C18 00000510 00000000000807DB FFFFFA8001818510 FFFFF6FD4000C0C0
0000000000004C19 00000118 00000000000807DB FFFFFA8001819118 FFFFF6FD4000C0C8
0000000000004C1F 00000530 00000000000107DB FFFFFA800181F530 FFFFF6FD4000C0F8
0000000000004CAB 00000750 000000000000079B FFFFFA80018AB750 FFFFF6FD4000C558
0000000000004CB3 00000AF0 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA80018B3AF0 FFFFF6FD4000C598
0000000000005061 000002E0 000000000000075B FFFFFA8001C612E0 FFFFF6FD4000E308
0000000000005291 00000F80 00000000000006DB FFFFFA8001E91F80 FFFFF6FD4000F488
00000000000052B7 00000E70 00000000000027DB FFFFFA8001EB7E70 FFFFF6FD4000F5B8
0000000000005314 00000630 00000000000007DB FFFFFA8001F14630 FFFFF6FD4000F8A0
000000000000531D 00000630 000000000000079B FFFFFA8001F1D630 FFFFF6FD4000F8E8
0000000000005336 00000230 00000000000005DB FFFFFA8001F36230 FFFFF6FD4000F9B0
000000000000533E 00000660 00000000000006DB FFFFFA8001F3E660 FFFFF6FD4000F9F0
0000000000005343 00000550 0000000000000FDB FFFFFA8001F43550 FFFFF6FD4000FA18
0000000000005384 00000E60 00000000000007DA FFFFFA8001F84E60 FFFFF6FD4000FC20
00000000000053F1 00000820 00000000000007DA FFFFFA8001FF1820 FFFFF6FD4000FF88
00000000000053F1 00000BB0 00000000000003DB FFFFFA8001FF1BB0 FFFFF6FD4000FF88
00000000000053FF 00000C80 00000000000007D9 FFFFFA8001FFFC80 FFFFF6FD4000FFF8
0000000000005428 00000C00 00000000000007DA FFFFFA8002028C00 FFFFF6FD40010140
000000000000542D 00000DC0 00000000000007FB FFFFFA800202DDC0 FFFFF6FD40010168
0000000000005456 00000800 0000000000000FDB FFFFFA8002056800 FFFFF6FD400102B0
0000000000005459 00000CB0 00000000000006DB FFFFFA8002059CB0 FFFFF6FD400102C8
000000000000546B 00000B30 00000000000003DB FFFFFA800206BB30 FFFFF6FD40010358
000000000000547F 00000450 00000000000005DB FFFFFA800207F450 FFFFF6FD400103F8
000000000000549E 00000290 00000000000087DB FFFFFA800209E290 FFFFF6FD400104F0
000000000000551C 00000410 00000000000003DB FFFFFA800211C410 FFFFF6FD400108E0
000000000000563E 00000510 000000000000075B FFFFFA800223E510 FFFFF6FD400111F0
000000000000567C 00000FD0 00000000000007DF FFFFFA800227CFD0 FFFFF6FD400113E0
0000000000005731 000002A0 00000000000017DB FFFFFA80023312A0 FFFFF6FD40011988
000000000000575A 00000400 00000000000007FB FFFFFA800235A400 FFFFF6FD40011AD0
0000000000005847 00000400 00000000000003DB FFFFFA8003047400 FFFFF6FD40018238
000000000000588E 00000290 00000000000007D9 FFFFFA800308E290 FFFFF6FD40018470
0000000000005890 00000C60 000000000000075B FFFFFA8003090C60 FFFFF6FD40018480
0000000000005893 00000F90 00000000000005DB FFFFFA8003093F90 FFFFF6FD40018498
000000000000589B 000006D0 00000000000006DB FFFFFA800309B6D0 FFFFF6FD400184D8
00000000000058A5 000009C0 000000000000079B FFFFFA80030A59C0 FFFFF6FD40018528
00000000000058AA 000008B0 00000000000017DB FFFFFA80030AA8B0 FFFFF6FD40018550
00000000000058BC 00000400 00000000000003DB FFFFFA80030BC400 FFFFF6FD400185E0
0000000000005911 000002A0 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA80031112A0 FFFFF6FD40018888
0000000000005957 00000A40 00000000000005DB FFFFFA8003157A40 FFFFF6FD40018AB8
0000000000005995 00000E40 00000000000003DB FFFFFA8003195E40 FFFFF6FD40018CA8
000000000000599D 00000AF0 0000000000000FDB FFFFFA800319DAF0 FFFFF6FD40018CE8
00000000000059AD 000002A0 00000000000007DF FFFFFA80031AD2A0 FFFFF6FD40018D68
00000000000059B2 00000910 00000000000007DF FFFFFA80031B2910 FFFFF6FD40018D90
00000000000059D0 00000520 00000000000003DB FFFFFA80031D0520 FFFFF6FD40018E80
00000000000059E1 000003B0 00000000000007FB FFFFFA80031E13B0 FFFFF6FD40018F08
00000000000059E7 00000D10 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA80031E7D10 FFFFF6FD40018F38
00000000000059EC 00000690 00000000000007CB FFFFFA80031EC690 FFFFF6FD40018F60
00000000000059FB 000003C0 00000000000005DB FFFFFA80031FB3C0 FFFFF6FD40018FD8
00000000000059FB 00000FF0 00000000000005DB FFFFFA80031FBFF0 FFFFF6FD40018FD8
00000000000059FE 000003C0 00000000000006DB FFFFFA80031FE3C0 FFFFF6FD40018FF0
0000000000005A01 000003C0 00000000000007DA FFFFFA80032013C0 FFFFF6FD40019008
0000000000005A0A 000003F0 00000000000007D9 FFFFFA800320A3F0 FFFFF6FD40019050
0000000000005A0D 00000390 000000000000075B FFFFFA800320D390 FFFFF6FD40019068
0000000000005A0D 00000960 00000000000007FB FFFFFA800320D960 FFFFF6FD40019068
0000000000005A0D 00000F90 000000000000079B FFFFFA800320DF90 FFFFF6FD40019068
0000000000005A0E 000003B0 00000000000007FB FFFFFA800320E3B0 FFFFF6FD40019070
0000000000005A0E 00000B90 00000000000007DB FFFFFA800320EB90 FFFFF6FD40019070
0000000000005A0F 000006D0 00000000000007DF FFFFFA800320F6D0 FFFFF6FD40019078
0000000000005A11 00000080 00000000000003DB FFFFFA8003211080 FFFFF6FD40019088
0000000000005A19 000006F0 0000000000000FDB FFFFFA80032196F0 FFFFF6FD400190C8
0000000000005A31 00000930 00000000000006DB FFFFFA8003231930 FFFFF6FD40019188
0000000000005A47 00000560 00000000000017DB FFFFFA8003247560 FFFFF6FD40019238
0000000000005A7E 000002B0 00000000000017DB FFFFFA800327E2B0 FFFFF6FD400193F0
0000000000005ADC 00000480 00000000000003DB FFFFFA80032DC480 FFFFF6FD400196E0
0000000000005ADC 00000630 0000000000000FDB FFFFFA80032DC630 FFFFF6FD400196E0
0000000000005AF1 00000180 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA80032F1180 FFFFF6FD40019788
0000000000005AF5 00000B00 0000000000000FDB FFFFFA80032F5B00 FFFFF6FD400197A8
0000000000005AFA 00000630 00000000000003DB FFFFFA80032FA630 FFFFF6FD400197D0
0000000000005AFE 00000890 0000000000000FDB FFFFFA80032FE890 FFFFF6FD400197F0
0000000000005AFE 00000D10 00000000000007D9 FFFFFA80032FED10 FFFFF6FD400197F0
0000000000005B12 00000F30 00000000000007FB FFFFFA8003312F30 FFFFF6FD40019890
0000000000005B1F 00000680 00000000000007CB FFFFFA800331F680 FFFFF6FD400198F8
0000000000005B25 00000F20 00000000000003DB FFFFFA8003325F20 FFFFF6FD40019928
0000000000005B25 00000FE0 00000000000007DF FFFFFA8003325FE0 FFFFF6FD40019928
0000000000005B28 000005F0 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA80033285F0 FFFFF6FD40019940
0000000000005B33 00000DB0 000000000000075B FFFFFA8003333DB0 FFFFF6FD40019998
0000000000005B35 000005B0 00000000000006DB FFFFFA80033355B0 FFFFF6FD400199A8
0000000000005B39 00000120 000000000000075B FFFFFA8003339120 FFFFF6FD400199C8
0000000000005B3A 000006B0 00000000000007DB FFFFFA800333A6B0 FFFFF6FD400199D0
0000000000005B47 00000E50 000000000000079B FFFFFA8003347E50 FFFFF6FD40019A38
0000000000005B55 00000FE0 000000000000079B FFFFFA8003355FE0 FFFFF6FD40019AA8
0000000000005B5A 00000390 00000000000006DB FFFFFA800335A390 FFFFF6FD40019AD0
0000000000005B6B 00000310 00000000000006DB FFFFFA800336B310 FFFFF6FD40019B58
0000000000005BF4 00000200 00000000000027DB FFFFFA80033F4200 FFFFF6FD40019FA0
0000000000005CA3 00000250 00000000000007DF FFFFFA80034A3250 FFFFF6FD4001A518
0000000000005CB0 00000F90 00000000000007DA FFFFFA80034B0F90 FFFFF6FD4001A580
0000000000005CC1 00000310 00000000000003DB FFFFFA80034C1310 FFFFF6FD4001A608
0000000000005D06 00000130 00000000000005DB FFFFFA8003506130 FFFFF6FD4001A830
0000000000005D0E 00000170 00000000000003DB FFFFFA800350E170 FFFFF6FD4001A870
0000000000005D2B 00000330 00000000000007DF FFFFFA800352B330 FFFFF6FD4001A958
0000000000005D30 00000EB0 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA8003530EB0 FFFFF6FD4001A980
0000000000005D33 000003D0 00000000000007D9 FFFFFA80035333D0 FFFFF6FD4001A998
0000000000005D38 00000830 00000000000007DB FFFFFA8003538830 FFFFF6FD4001A9C0
0000000000005D3E 00000980 00000000000007CB FFFFFA800353E980 FFFFF6FD4001A9F0
0000000000005D42 00000700 000000000000075B FFFFFA8003542700 FFFFF6FD4001AA10
0000000000005D47 00000E60 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA8003547E60 FFFFF6FD4001AA38
0000000000005D4E 000002B0 00000000000007FB FFFFFA800354E2B0 FFFFF6FD4001AA70
0000000000005D4F 000008D0 00000000000007DF FFFFFA800354F8D0 FFFFF6FD4001AA78
0000000000005D55 00000030 00000000000007DB FFFFFA8003555030 FFFFF6FD4001AAA8
0000000000005D58 000002A0 00000000000007DF FFFFFA80035582A0 FFFFF6FD4001AAC0
0000000000005D67 00000060 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA8003567060 FFFFF6FD4001AB38
0000000000005D81 000006D0 000000000000075B FFFFFA80035816D0 FFFFF6FD4001AC08
0000000000005D86 00000BF0 00000000000006DB FFFFFA8003586BF0 FFFFF6FD4001AC30
0000000000005D87 00000670 00000000000005DB FFFFFA8003587670 FFFFF6FD4001AC38
0000000000005D87 00000700 00000000000007CB FFFFFA8003587700 FFFFF6FD4001AC38
0000000000005D96 00000B50 00000000000003DB FFFFFA8003596B50 FFFFF6FD4001ACB0
0000000000005DA4 00000290 00000000000005DB FFFFFA80035A4290 FFFFF6FD4001AD20
0000000000005DBF 000005C0 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA80035BF5C0 FFFFF6FD4001ADF8
0000000000005DC6 00000F10 00000000000003DB FFFFFA80035C6F10 FFFFF6FD4001AE30
0000000000005DCF 00000B20 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA80035CFB20 FFFFF6FD4001AE78
0000000000005DD6 00000CF0 00000000000007DB FFFFFA80035D6CF0 FFFFF6FD4001AEB0
0000000000005DDC 00000FF0 00000000000007DF FFFFFA80035DCFF0 FFFFF6FD4001AEE0
0000000000005DEF 00000B90 000000000000075B FFFFFA80035EFB90 FFFFF6FD4001AF78
0000000000005DF1 00000CC0 000000000000079B FFFFFA80035F1CC0 FFFFF6FD4001AF88
0000000000005E03 00000F30 00000000000005DB FFFFFA8003603F30 FFFFF6FD4001B018
0000000000005E12 00000F60 00000000000005DB FFFFFA8003612F60 FFFFF6FD4001B090
0000000000005E13 00000890 00000000000003DB FFFFFA8003613890 FFFFF6FD4001B098
0000000000005E18 00000E10 000000000000075B FFFFFA8003618E10 FFFFF6FD4001B0C0
0000000000005E1A 00000100 00000000000007CB FFFFFA800361A100 FFFFF6FD4001B0D0
0000000000005E38 00000310 000000000000075B FFFFFA8003638310 FFFFF6FD4001B1C0
0000000000005E41 00000820 00000000000007DB FFFFFA8003641820 FFFFF6FD4001B208
0000000000005E54 00000C90 00000000000005DB FFFFFA8003654C90 FFFFF6FD4001B2A0
0000000000005E63 000005D0 00000000000007CB FFFFFA80036635D0 FFFFF6FD4001B318
0000000000005E67 00000680 00000000000005DB FFFFFA8003667680 FFFFF6FD4001B338
0000000000005E73 000009E0 000000000000075B FFFFFA80036739E0 FFFFF6FD4001B398
0000000000005E7E 000007E0 00000000000007CB FFFFFA800367E7E0 FFFFF6FD4001B3F0
0000000000005E82 00000C20 00000000000007DF FFFFFA8003682C20 FFFFF6FD4001B410
0000000000005E84 00000360 00000000000007D9 FFFFFA8003684360 FFFFF6FD4001B420
0000000000005E84 00000FC0 00000000000007DB FFFFFA8003684FC0 FFFFF6FD4001B420
0000000000005E85 000002C0 00000000000006DB FFFFFA80036852C0 FFFFF6FD4001B428
0000000000005E8C 00000C70 00000000000007FB FFFFFA800368CC70 FFFFF6FD4001B460
0000000000005E8C 00000F40 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA800368CF40 FFFFF6FD4001B460
0000000000005E90 00000F90 00000000000007DA FFFFFA8003690F90 FFFFF6FD4001B480
0000000000005E91 00000530 00000000000003DB FFFFFA8003691530 FFFFF6FD4001B488
0000000000005E9B 00000190 000000000000079B FFFFFA800369B190 FFFFF6FD4001B4D8
0000000000005E9B 000003A0 000000000000075B FFFFFA800369B3A0 FFFFF6FD4001B4D8
0000000000005E9E 00000460 00000000000007DA FFFFFA800369E460 FFFFF6FD4001B4F0
0000000000005EA7 00000E50 00000000000003DB FFFFFA80036A7E50 FFFFF6FD4001B538
0000000000005EAF 00000080 00000000000005DB FFFFFA80036AF080 FFFFF6FD4001B578
0000000000005EB9 00000250 00000000000007DA FFFFFA80036B9250 FFFFF6FD4001B5C8
0000000000005EBB 000005C0 00000000000003DB FFFFFA80036BB5C0 FFFFF6FD4001B5D8
0000000000005EC4 00000770 00000000000003DB FFFFFA80036C4770 FFFFF6FD4001B620
0000000000005EC5 00000DC0 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA80036C5DC0 FFFFF6FD4001B628
0000000000005ECA 00000E60 00000000000003DB FFFFFA80036CAE60 FFFFF6FD4001B650
0000000000005ECC 000003C0 000000000000075B FFFFFA80036CC3C0 FFFFF6FD4001B660
0000000000005ECD 00000C20 00000000000007DA FFFFFA80036CDC20 FFFFF6FD4001B668
0000000000005EE9 000004F0 00000000000003DB FFFFFA80036E94F0 FFFFF6FD4001B748
0000000000005EF2 000007C0 00000000000006DB FFFFFA80036F27C0 FFFFF6FD4001B790
0000000000005F05 00000E10 00000000000007CB FFFFFA8003705E10 FFFFF6FD4001B828
0000000000005F07 00000A60 00000000000007D9 FFFFFA8003707A60 FFFFF6FD4001B838
0000000000005F08 00000150 00000000000007FB FFFFFA8003708150 FFFFF6FD4001B840
0000000000005F09 00000710 00000000000005DB FFFFFA8003709710 FFFFF6FD4001B848
0000000000005F17 00000600 00000000000005DB FFFFFA8003717600 FFFFF6FD4001B8B8
0000000000005F1D 00000990 00000000000007DF FFFFFA800371D990 FFFFF6FD4001B8E8
0000000000005F2C 00000E40 00000000000007DA FFFFFA800372CE40 FFFFF6FD4001B960
0000000000005F2D 000001D0 00000000000007DF FFFFFA800372D1D0 FFFFF6FD4001B968
0000000000005F2F 00000EA0 00000000000007D9 FFFFFA800372FEA0 FFFFF6FD4001B978
0000000000005F3F 000008F0 00000000000003DB FFFFFA800373F8F0 FFFFF6FD4001B9F8
0000000000005F57 00000860 00000000000006DB FFFFFA8003757860 FFFFF6FD4001BAB8
0000000000005F59 000001B0 00000000000007CB FFFFFA80037591B0 FFFFF6FD4001BAC8
0000000000005F59 00000A50 00000000000005DB FFFFFA8003759A50 FFFFF6FD4001BAC8
0000000000005F60 00000620 00000000000003DB FFFFFA8003760620 FFFFF6FD4001BB00
0000000000005F63 00000AD0 000000000000075B FFFFFA8003763AD0 FFFFF6FD4001BB18
0000000000005F70 00000790 00000000000007DF FFFFFA8003770790 FFFFF6FD4001BB80
0000000000005F77 000001E0 00000000000007CB FFFFFA80037771E0 FFFFF6FD4001BBB8
0000000000005F80 00000B70 000000000000079B FFFFFA8003780B70 FFFFF6FD4001BC00
0000000000005F97 00000070 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA8003797070 FFFFF6FD4001BCB8
0000000000005FDF 00000550 00000000000007CB FFFFFA80037DF550 FFFFF6FD4001BEF8
0000000000005FF4 000000D0 00000000000007D9 FFFFFA80037F40D0 FFFFF6FD4001BFA0
0000000000006008 00000410 00000000000017DB FFFFFA8003808410 FFFFF6FD4001C040
0000000000006035 00000BF0 00000000000027DB FFFFFA8003835BF0 FFFFF6FD4001C1A8
0000000000006099 00000C10 00000000000047DB FFFFFA8003899C10 FFFFF6FD4001C4C8
00000000000060B8 00000518 0000000000000FDB FFFFFA80038B8518 FFFFF6FD4001C5C0
000000000000613B 00000918 00000000000006DB FFFFFA800393B918 FFFFF6FD4001C9D8
0000000000006153 00000798 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA8003953798 FFFFF6FD4001CA98
000000000000617B 00000F30 0000000000000FDB FFFFFA800397BF30 FFFFF6FD4001CBD8
0000000000006192 00000580 00000000000007DA FFFFFA8003992580 FFFFF6FD4001CC90
0000000000006193 00000180 000000000000079B FFFFFA8003993180 FFFFF6FD4001CC98
0000000000006193 00000D50 00000000000007D9 FFFFFA8003993D50 FFFFF6FD4001CC98
0000000000006194 000009B0 00000000000007DB FFFFFA80039949B0 FFFFF6FD4001CCA0
0000000000006195 00000550 000000000000075B FFFFFA8003995550 FFFFF6FD4001CCA8
0000000000006195 00000670 00000000000007DF FFFFFA8003995670 FFFFF6FD4001CCA8
0000000000006196 00000D50 00000000000006DB FFFFFA8003996D50 FFFFF6FD4001CCB0
0000000000006197 000003B0 00000000000007FB FFFFFA80039973B0 FFFFF6FD4001CCB8
000000000000619A 00000830 00000000000007D3 FFFFFA800399A830 FFFFF6FD4001CCD0
000000000000619B 000002B0 00000000000007CB FFFFFA800399B2B0 FFFFF6FD4001CCD8
00000000000061A9 000003E0 00000000000005DB FFFFFA80039A93E0 FFFFF6FD4001CD48
00000000000061A9 00000D70 00000000000003DB FFFFFA80039A9D70 FFFFF6FD4001CD48
00000000000061B7 00000090 000000000000079B FFFFFA80039B7090 FFFFF6FD4001CDB8
00000000000061BF 00000610 00000000000003DB FFFFFA80039BF610 FFFFF6FD4001CDF8
0000000000007D32 00000EC8 00000000000003DB 000000007790BEC8 FFFFF680003BC858
0000000000009513 00000EC8 00000000000003DB 000000007790BEC8 FFFFF680003BC858
000000000000C631 00000EC8 00000000000003DB 000000007790BEC8 FFFFF680003BC858
000000000000EA70 00000E08 00000000000003DB 0000000000000000 FFFFF8A0099382D8
000000000000EBA3 00000AB0 000000000000075B 0000000000000000 FFFFF8A009938E70
000000000000ED2A 00000E20 00000000000007D9 0000000000000000 FFFFF8A009938EA8
000000000000F4B6 00000BB8 00000000000007D9 0000000000000000 FFFFF8A009938F08
000000000000FCB6 000000C0 00000000020007DB 0000000000000000 FFFFF8A009938D08
000000000000FCE6 00000CF0 00000000000005DB 0000000000000000 FFFFF8A009938E88
000000000000FDE6 00000D90 00000000000007D9 000000000CB3CD90 FFFFF680000659E0
Search done.

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Memory Dump Analysis Best Practices (Part 1)

Wednesday, December 29th, 2010

Easy to remember abbreviation SCP (Software Crash Patterns) consists of 3 practices:

- Scripts 

- Checklists 

- Patterns

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Software Tracing Best Practices (Part 1)

Wednesday, December 29th, 2010

In these post series we are going to discuss the best practices for software tracing implementation including appropriate patterns and their links to software trace analysis patterns. The first one is called Period Timestamp where the start and the end time (and the date if necessary) are recorded in the trace file. This helps in Inter-Correlation and News Value analysis between several different trace types. For example, in one scenario, we had WindowHistory and MessageHistory logs. We identified a problem in the former log as happening at this time:

Handle: 00010196 Class: "ClassA" Title: "TitleA"
   Captured at: 13:36:30:533

However, when we looked at the latter trace to search for specific window messages posted or sent before that time we saw that the recording started later than the former event:

Start time: 13:36:35:830

Period timestamps are necessary to distinguish Incomplete History from Truncated Trace where in the former case the absence of expected trace message is due to some problem.

From a unified debugging patterns perspective we have this sequence fragment:

Implementation Patterns: Period Timestamp

Usage Patterns: Trace Simultaneously

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Do Security Professionals Dream?

Monday, December 27th, 2010

Paraphrasing the title of Philip K. Dick’s novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? I’d like to tell the dream I had a few nights ago after starting my work on a computational security novel Session Zero (ISBN: 978-1908043092). I was in the hall of a building where Russian and American spies frequently intersect. Apparently, I was a technician there and everyone passing by was complaining about difficulties being a spy. I was listening and telling everyone that I wasn’t a spy, just a technician. Suddenly a thought came to my mind that if I were a real spy masquerading as a technician it would have made make a good novel plot… Then I met colleagues from one of my previous companies and I woke up.

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Bugtation No.135

Monday, December 27th, 2010

… the functions you meet on the way up, … you’re going to meet the same functions on the way down. Not always…

Jackie Gleason

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Welcome to

Saturday, December 25th, 2010

As a part of my efforts to unify malware and forensic analysis with memory dump and software trace analysis from behavioral and structural patterns perspective I created this domain name. The word victimware was borrowed and extended from its previous limited use:

Software Victimology (Part 1)
Software Victimology (Part 2)

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Trace Analysis Patterns (Part 35)

Friday, December 24th, 2010

News Value is a pattern that assigns relative importance to software traces for problem solving purposes especially when related to problem description, recent incidents and timestamps of other supporting artifacts (memory dumps, other traces, etc.). For example, in one scenario, an ETW trace was provided with 3 additional log files:

# Source PID  TID  Date       Time         Message 
0 Header 1260 1728 12/14/2010 06:48:56.289 ?????  
215301 Unknown 640 808 12/14/2010 07:22:57.508 ?????  Unknown( 16): GUID=[…] (No Format Information found).

// LogA
05/11/10 18:28:15.1562 : Service() - entry
14/12/10 10:31:58.0381 : Notification: sleep
* Start of new log *
14/12/10 10:34:38.4687 : Service() - entry
14/12/10 11:53:35.2729 : Service.CleanUp complete
* Start of new log *
14/12/10 11:56:11.7031 : Service() - entry
14/12/10 15:25:23.3004 : Notification: sleep

// LogB
[   1] 12/14 10:34:29:890   Entry: ctor
[   2] 12/14 11:53:30:866   Exit: COMServer.Server.DeleteObject

// LogC
[   1] 12/14 11:56:03:359   Entry: ctor
[  20] 12/14 15:30:20:110   Exit: Kernel32.Buffer.Release

From the description of the problem we expected LogB and LogC to be logs from two subsequent process executions where the first launch fails (LogB) and the second launch succeeds (LogC). Looking at their start and end times we see that they make sense from the problem description perspective but we have to dismiss ETW trace and most of LogA as recorded earlier and having no value for Inter-Correlation analysis of the more recent logs. We also see that portions of LogA overlap with LogB and LogC and therefore having analysis value for us.

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Software Victimology (Part 2)

Friday, December 24th, 2010

Borrowing routine activity theory (RAT) from criminology I would like to introduce the similar approach to abnormal software behavior with patterning activities that adds additional unmotivated offenders to combine malware (software rats) with unintentional ordinary common bugware:

The application of RAT to software can be metaphorically named as Function Activity Theory (FAT).

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Crash Dump Analysis Patterns (Part 124)

Friday, December 24th, 2010

The following pattern is useful for inconsistent dumps or incomplete supporting information: Environment Hint. It is mostly environment variable information for troubleshooting suggestions such as product elimination for testing purposes and / or necessary upgrade, for example:

0: kd> !peb
PEB at 7ffd7000
    InheritedAddressSpace:    No
    ReadImageFileExecOptions: Yes
    BeingDebugged:            No
    ImageBaseAddress:         01000000
    Ldr                       7c8897e0
    Ldr.Initialized:          Yes
    Ldr.InInitializationOrderModuleList: 00081f18 . 000f9e88
    Ldr.InLoadOrderModuleList:           00081eb0 . 000f9e78
    Ldr.InMemoryOrderModuleList:         00081eb8 . 000f9e80
            Base TimeStamp                     Module
         1000000 45d6a03c Feb 17 06:27:08 2007 C:\WINNT\system32\svchost.exe
        7c800000 49900d60 Feb 09 11:02:56 2009 C:\WINNT\system32\ntdll.dll
    SubSystemData:     00000000
    ProcessHeap:       00080000
    ProcessParameters: 00020000
    WindowTitle:  'C:\WINNT\system32\svchost.exe'
    ImageFile:    'C:\WINNT\system32\svchost.exe'
    CommandLine:  'C:\WINNT\system32\svchost.exe -k rpcss'
    DllPath:      [...]
    Environment:  00010000
        ALLUSERSPROFILE=C:\Documents and Settings\All Users
        PROTECTIONDIR=C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\3rdPartyAntivirus\Protection
       Path= […]

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Top 3 Citrix Support Tools and Presentations 2010

Thursday, December 23rd, 2010

I’m very excited to announce that 2 my tools Repair Clipboard Chain 2.0.1, StressPrinters 1.3.2 for 32-bit and 64-bit Platforms and Selected Citrix Troubleshooting Tools presentation are in top 3 list:

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Golden bug (Debugging Slang, Part 17)

Wednesday, December 22nd, 2010

Golden bug - A software defect if fixed entails a promotion and pay rise prospects.


- You are a Principal now!!!
- Oh, thanks to that persistent golden bug nobody could fix until I was assigned…

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Crash Dump Analysis Patterns (Part 123)

Tuesday, December 21st, 2010

Dual Stack Trace is the kernel mode and space counterpart to a user mode and space stack trace and vice versa, for example:

  25  Id: e8c.f20 Suspend: 1 Teb: 7ff9c000 Unfrozen
ChildEBP RetAddr 
086acac4 7c90df5a ntdll!KiFastSystemCallRet
086acac8 7c8025db ntdll!ZwWaitForSingleObject+0xc
086acb2c 7c802542 kernel32!WaitForSingleObjectEx+0xa8
086acb40 00fbba3a kernel32!WaitForSingleObject+0×12
WARNING: Stack unwind information not available. Following frames may be wrong.
086ad3c8 00fbc139 ModuleA!DllCanUnloadNow+0×638b4a
086adc38 00faba75 ModuleA!DllCanUnloadNow+0×639249
086ae4c8 00fa0da8 ModuleA!DllCanUnloadNow+0×629b25
086aed60 00a45331 ModuleA!DllCanUnloadNow+0×61ee48
086af6c4 00a44b10 ModuleA!DllCanUnloadNow+0xc6de1
086affb4 7c80b729 ModuleA!DllCanUnloadNow+0xc65c0
086affec 00000000 kernel32!BaseThreadStart+0×37

0: kd> !thread 88ec9020 1f
THREAD 88ec9020  Cid 17a0.2034  Teb: 7ffad000 Win32Thread: bc28c6e8 WAIT: (Unknown) UserMode Non-Alertable
    89095f48  Semaphore Limit 0x10000
IRP List:
    89a5a370: (0006,0094) Flags: 00000900  Mdl: 00000000
Not impersonating
DeviceMap                 d6c30c48
Owning Process            88fffd88       Image:         iexplore.exe
Attached Process          N/A            Image:         N/A
Wait Start TickCount      5632994        Ticks: 2980 (0:00:00:46.562)
Context Switch Count      2269                 LargeStack
UserTime                  00:00:00.000
KernelTime                00:00:00.000
Win32 Start Address 0x00a262d0
Start Address kernel32!BaseThreadStartThunk (0x77e617ec)
Stack Init b204c000 Current b204bc60 Base b204c000 Limit b2048000 Call 0
Priority 8 BasePriority 8 PriorityDecrement 0
ChildEBP RetAddr 
b204bc78 80833ec5 nt!KiSwapContext+0×26
b204bca4 80829c14 nt!KiSwapThread+0×2e5
b204bcec 8093b174 nt!KeWaitForSingleObject+0×346
b204bd50 8088b41c nt!NtWaitForSingleObject+0×9a
b204bd50 7c82860c nt!KiFastCallEntry+0xfc (TrapFrame @ b204bd64)

058fcabc 7c827d29 ntdll!KiFastSystemCallRet
058fcac0 77e61d1e ntdll!ZwWaitForSingleObject+0xc
058fcb30 77e61c8d kernel32!WaitForSingleObjectEx+0xac
058fcb44 00f98b4a kernel32!WaitForSingleObject+0×12
WARNING: Stack unwind information not available. Following frames may be wrong.
058fd3cc 00f99249 ModuleA+0×638b4a
058fdc3c 00f89b25 ModuleA+0×639249
058fe4cc 00f7ee48 ModuleA+0×629b25
058fed64 00a26de1 ModuleA+0×61ee48
058ff6c8 00a265c0 ModuleA+0xc6de1
058fffb8 77e6482f ModuleA+0xc65c0
058fffec 00000000 kernel32!BaseThreadStart+0×34

This pattern is helpful when we have both process user space memory dumps and kernel and complete memory dumps and want to match stack traces of interest between them. See also patterns Stack Trace and Stack Trace Collection.

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Crash Dump Analysis Patterns (Part 122)

Tuesday, December 21st, 2010

In addition to Blocked Thread and endpoint threads of Wait Chain patterns we would like to add Blocking Module pattern to account for modules calling waiting or delaying functions, for example:

0:017> kL
ChildEBP RetAddr 
02c34100 7c90df5a ntdll!KiFastSystemCallRet
02c34104 7c8025db ntdll!ZwWaitForSingleObject+0xc
02c34168 7c802542 kernel32!WaitForSingleObjectEx+0xa8
02c3417c 009f0ed9 kernel32!WaitForSingleObject+0×12
02c34a08 00bc2c9a ModuleA!DllCanUnloadNow+0×6db39
02c3526c 00bc2fa4 ModuleA!DllCanUnloadNow+0×23f8fa
02c35ae0 00f6413c ModuleA!DllCanUnloadNow+0×23fc04
02c363e8 00c761ab ModuleA!DllCanUnloadNow+0×5e0d9c
02c36c74 00c74daa ModuleA!DllCanUnloadNow+0×2f2e0b
02c374e4 3d1a9eb4 ModuleA!DllCanUnloadNow+0×2f1a0a

02c3753c 3d0ed032 mshtml!CView::SetObjectRectsHelper+0×98
02c37578 3cf7e43b mshtml!CView::EndDeferSetObjectRects+0×75
02c375bc 3cf2542d mshtml!CView::EnsureView+0×39f
02c375d8 3cf4072c mshtml!CElement::EnsureRecalcNotify+0×17c
02c37614 3cf406ce mshtml!CElement::get_clientHeight_Logical+0×54
02c37628 3d0822a1 mshtml!CElement::get_clientHeight+0×27
02c37648 3cf8ad53 mshtml!G_LONG+0×7b
02c376bc 3cf96e21 mshtml!CBase::ContextInvokeEx+0×5d1
02c3770c 3cfa2baf mshtml!CElement::ContextInvokeEx+0×9d
02c37738 3cf8a751 mshtml!CElement::VersionedInvokeEx+0×2d

This pattern will help to make pattern interaction cases studies more fine grained. 

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Icons for Memory Dump Analysis Patterns (Part 86)

Tuesday, December 21st, 2010

Today we introduce an icon for Wait Chain (window messaging) pattern:



- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Debugging in 2021: Trends for the Next Decade (Part 1)

Friday, December 17th, 2010

As the new decade is approaching (2011-2020) we would like to make a few previews and predictions:

- Increased complexity of software will bring more methods from biological, social sciences and humanities in addition to existing methods of automated debugging and computer science techniques

- Focus on first fault software problem solving (when aspect)

- Focus on pattern-driven software problem solving (how aspect)

- Fusion of debugging and malware analysis into a unified structural and behavioral pattern framework

- Visual debugging, memory and software trace visualization techniques

- Software maintenance certification

- Focus on domain-driven troubleshooting and debugging tools as a service (debugware TaaS)

- Focus on security issues related to memory dumps and software traces

- New scripting languages and programming language extensions for debugging

- The maturation of the science of memory snapshots and software traces (memoretics)

Imagining is not not limited to the above and more to come and explain in the forthcoming parts.

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Icons for Memory Dump Analysis Patterns (Part 85)

Thursday, December 16th, 2010

Today we introduce an icon for Self-Dump pattern:



- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

Crash Dump Analysis Patterns (Part 42h)

Thursday, December 16th, 2010

This is another variant of the general Wait Chain pattern where blocked threads are waiting for synchronous window message calls (sent messages). For example, here three threads from different processes are blocked in such a chain where hWnd parameters for SendMessage calls and associated window procedures are marked with corresponding colors: 

0:000> ~*kbL

.  0  Id: 116c.1174 Suspend: 1 Teb: 7efdd000 Unfrozen
ChildEBP RetAddr  Args to Child             
0034f83c 76261c01 000a0e54 00000111 00000068 USER32!NtUserMessageCall+0x15
0034f87c 7625cd81 011114d0 00000000 00d41190 USER32!SendMessageWorker+0x5e9
0034f8a0 00fa1256 000a0e54 00000111 00000068 USER32!SendMessageW+0×7f
0034f90c 76256238 00040eb0 00000111 00000068 WCM_A!WndProc+0xc6
0034f938 762568ea 00fa1190 00040eb0 00000111 USER32!InternalCallWinProc+0×23
0034f9b0 76257d31 00000000 00fa1190 00040eb0 USER32!UserCallWinProcCheckWow+0×109
0034fa10 76257dfa 00fa1190 00000000 76257d79 USER32!DispatchMessageWorker+0×3bc
0034fa20 00fa10d3 0034fa3c 0034fae8 00000000 USER32!DispatchMessageW+0xf
0034fa54 00fa14b6 00fa0000 00000000 00571bee WCM_A!wWinMain+0xd3
0034fae8 76493677 7efde000 0034fb34 77399d72 WCM_A!__tmainCRTStartup+0×150
0034faf4 77399d72 7efde000 72afcb2e 00000000 kernel32!BaseThreadInitThunk+0xe
0034fb34 77399d45 00fa1625 7efde000 ffffffff ntdll!__RtlUserThreadStart+0×70
0034fb4c 00000000 00fa1625 7efde000 00000000 ntdll!_RtlUserThreadStart+0×1b

0:000> ~*kbL

.  0  Id: 10dc.e14 Suspend: 1 Teb: 7efdd000 Unfrozen
ChildEBP RetAddr  Args to Child             
0017f7c4 76261c01 000c0ea4 00000111 00000068 USER32!NtUserMessageCall+0x15
0017f804 7625cd81 00ec3ec0 00000000 012e1190 USER32!SendMessageWorker+0x5e9
0017f828 00d41256 000c0ea4 00000111 00000068 USER32!SendMessageW+0×7f
0017f890 76256238 000a0e54 00000111 00000068 WCM_B!WndProc+0xc6
0017f8bc 762568ea 00d41190 000a0e54 00000111 USER32!InternalCallWinProc+0×23
0017f934 76257177 00000000 00d41190 000a0e54 USER32!UserCallWinProcCheckWow+0×109
0017f990 762572f1 00eb14d0 00000000 00000111 USER32!DispatchClientMessage+0xe0
0017f9cc 773700e6 0017f9e4 00000000 0017fae4 USER32!__fnDWORD+0×2b
0017f9e0 00eb14d0 00000000 00000111 00000068 ntdll!KiUserCallbackDispatcher+0×2e
WARNING: Frame IP not in any known module. Following frames may be wrong.
0017fa20 00d410e0 0017fa48 00000000 00000000 0xeb14d0
0017fa60 00d414b6 00d40000 00000000 00601bee WCM_B!wWinMain+0xe0
0017faf4 76493677 7efde000 0017fb40 77399d72 WCM_B!__tmainCRTStartup+0×150
0017fb00 77399d72 7efde000 728cf6de 00000000 kernel32!BaseThreadInitThunk+0xe
0017fb40 77399d45 00d41625 7efde000 ffffffff ntdll!__RtlUserThreadStart+0×70
0017fb58 00000000 00d41625 7efde000 00000000 ntdll!_RtlUserThreadStart+0×1b

0:000> ~*kbL

.  0  Id: e68.fbc Suspend: 1 Teb: 7efdd000 Unfrozen
ChildEBP RetAddr  Args to Child             
0017f4c8 76272674 000c0ea4 00000000 00000000 USER32!NtUserWaitMessage+0x15
0017f504 7627288a 00070ee6 000c0ea4 00000000 USER32!DialogBox2+0x222
0017f530 762727b8 012e0000 012efc54 000c0ea4 USER32!InternalDialogBox+0xe5
0017f550 76272aa1 012e0000 012efc54 000c0ea4 USER32!DialogBoxIndirectParamAorW+0x37
0017f574 012e124d 012e0000 00000067 000c0ea4 USER32!DialogBoxParamW+0x3f
0017f5e4 76256238 000c0ea4 00000111 00000068 WCM_C!WndProc+0xbd
0017f610 762568ea 012e1190 000c0ea4 00000111 USER32!InternalCallWinProc+0×23
0017f688 76257177 00000000 012e1190 000c0ea4 USER32!UserCallWinProcCheckWow+0×109
0017f6e4 762572f1 01463ec0 00000000 00000111 USER32!DispatchClientMessage+0xe0
0017f720 773700e6 0017f738 00000000 0017f838 USER32!__fnDWORD+0×2b
0017f734 01463ec0 00000000 00000111 00000068 ntdll!KiUserCallbackDispatcher+0×2e
WARNING: Frame IP not in any known module. Following frames may be wrong.
0017f774 012e10e0 0017f79c 00000000 00000000 0×1463ec0
0017f7b4 012e1496 012e0000 00000000 00471bee WCM_C!wWinMain+0xe0
0017f848 76493677 7efde000 0017f894 77399d72 WCM_C!__tmainCRTStartup+0×150
0017f854 77399d72 7efde000 728ca9cf 00000000 kernel32!BaseThreadInitThunk+0xe
0017f894 77399d45 012e1605 7efde000 ffffffff ntdll!__RtlUserThreadStart+0×70
0017f8ac 00000000 012e1605 7efde000 00000000 ntdll!_RtlUserThreadStart+0×1b

Detailed modeling example (WCM application) is to follow soon.

Send message calls can also be directed to the same thread:

0: kd> kv 100
ChildEBP RetAddr  Args to Child             
aa839180 80833ed1 8c446b60 8c446c08 00000002 nt!KiSwapContext+0x26
aa8391ac 80829c14 8c446d4c 8c446d20 8c446b60 nt!KiSwapThread+0x2e5
aa8391f4 80921102 8c446d4c 00000011 8c4a8c01 nt!KeWaitForSingleObject+0x346
aa8392b0 8088b41c 000006a8 00172e58 00172e58 nt!NtRequestWaitReplyPort+0x776
aa8392b0 7c82860c 000006a8 00172e58 00172e58 nt!KiFastCallEntry+0xfc
0012f194 7c827899 77c80a6e 000006a8 00172e58 ntdll!KiFastSystemCallRet
0012f198 77c80a6e 000006a8 00172e58 00172e58 ntdll!ZwRequestWaitReplyPort+0xc
0012f1e4 77c7fcf0 0012f220 0012f204 77c80673 RPCRT4!LRPC_CCALL::SendReceive+0x230
0012f1f0 77c80673 0012f220 771f2918 0012f60c RPCRT4!I_RpcSendReceive+0x24
0012f204 77ce315a 0012f24c 00172ea8 77e63e5f RPCRT4!NdrSendReceive+0x2b
0012f5ec 771f4fbd 771f2918 771f1858 0012f60c RPCRT4!NdrClientCall2+0x22e
0012f698 7739b6e3 0004001a 00000016 00000001 ApplicationA!WndProc+0xcc
0012f6c4 7739b874 00407440 0004001a 00000016 USER32!InternalCallWinProc+0×28
0012f73c 7739c8b8 00000000 00407440 0004001a USER32!UserCallWinProcCheckWow+0×151
0012f798 7739c9c6 00607890 00000016 00000001 USER32!DispatchClientMessage+0xd9
0012f7c0 7c828556 0012f7d8 00000018 0012f894 USER32!__fnDWORD+0×24
0012f7c0 80831378 0012f7d8 00000018 0012f894 ntdll!KiUserCallbackDispatcher+0×2e
aa83957c 8091fbbb aa839634 aa839638 aa839608 nt!KiCallUserMode+0×4
aa8395d4 bf8a2492 00000002 aa839618 00000018 nt!KeUserModeCallback+0×8f
aa839658 bf8a229d be487890 00000016 00000001 win32k!SfnDWORD+0xb4
aa8396a0 bf8a1249 02487890 00000016 00000001 win32k!xxxSendMessageToClient+0×176
aa8396ec bf8a115e be487890 00000016 00000001 win32k!xxxSendMessageTimeout+0×1a6
aa839710 bf926e0d be487890 00000016 00000001 win32k!xxxSendMessage+0×1b
aa83974c bf926eb5 bc18cbc8 00000016 00000001 win32k!xxxClientShutdown2+0×87
aa839768 bf8ad9fa be487890 80000009 0000029e win32k!xxxClientShutdown+0×47
aa8397c4 bf8845d4 be487890 0000003b 80000009 win32k!xxxRealDefWindowProc+0×364
aa8397dc bf884604 be487890 0000003b 80000009 win32k!xxxWrapRealDefWindowProc+0×16
aa8397f8 bf8c1259 be487890 0000003b 80000009 win32k!NtUserfnNCDESTROY+0×27
aa839830 8088b41c 0004001a 0000003b 80000009 win32k!NtUserMessageCall+0xc0
aa839830 7c82860c 0004001a 0000003b 80000009 nt!KiFastCallEntry+0xfc (TrapFrame @ aa839854)
0012f7c0 7c828556 0012f7d8 00000018 0012f894 ntdll!KiFastSystemCallRet
0012f7c0 80831378 0012f7d8 00000018 0012f894 ntdll!KiUserCallbackDispatcher+0×2e
aa839b08 8091fbbb aa839bc0 aa839bc4 aa839b94 nt!KiCallUserMode+0×4
aa839b60 bf8a2492 00000002 aa839ba4 00000018 nt!KeUserModeCallback+0×8f
aa839be4 bf8a229d be487890 0000003b 80000009 win32k!SfnDWORD+0xb4
aa839c2c bf8c3f77 02487890 0000003b 80000009 win32k!xxxSendMessageToClient+0×176
aa839c9c bf89b88e bc18e838 aa839d64 0012fa38 win32k!xxxReceiveMessage+0×2b5
aa839cec bf89d201 aa839d18 0004001a 00000000 win32k!xxxRealInternalGetMessage+0×2d7
aa839d4c 8088b41c 0012fa5c 0004001a 00000000 win32k!NtUserGetMessage+0×3f
aa839d4c 7c82860c 0012fa5c 0004001a 00000000 nt!KiFastCallEntry+0xfc (TrapFrame @ aa839d64)
0012f9f0 7c828556 0012fa08 00000018 0012ffb0 ntdll!KiFastSystemCallRet
0012fa1c 7739c811 7739c844 0012fa5c 0004001a ntdll!KiUserCallbackDispatcher+0×2e
0012fa3c 0040634e 0012fa5c 0004001a 00000000 USER32!NtUserGetMessage+0xc
0012ff18 00408d9d 00000032 00000000 00142546 ApplicationA!WinMain+0×80f
0012ffc0 77e6f22b 00000000 00000000 7ffdf000 ApplicationA!WinMainCRTStartup+0×185
0012fff0 00000000 00408c18 00000000 78746341 kernel32!BaseProcessStart+0×23

Blocked sent message calls can also be manifested in kernel space and mixed with patterns like Message Box and Main Thread, for example:

1: kd> k250
ChildEBP RetAddr             
8d5d2808 82a7eb15 nt!KiSwapContext+0x26
8d5d2840 82a7d403 nt!KiSwapThread+0x266
8d5d2868 82a772cf nt!KiCommitThreadWait+0x1df
8d5d28e0 82550d75 nt!KeWaitForSingleObject+0x393
8d5d293c 82550e10 win32k!xxxRealSleepThread+0x1d7
8d5d2958 824ff4b0 win32k!xxxSleepThread+0x2d
8d5d29cc 825547e8 win32k!xxxInterSendMsgEx+0xb1c
8d5d2a1c 825546a4 win32k!xxxSendMessageTimeout+0x13b
8d5d2a44 82533843 win32k!xxxSendMessage+0×28
8d5d2b08 824fd865 win32k!xxxCalcValidRects+0xf7
8d5d2b64 82502c98 win32k!xxxEndDeferWindowPosEx+0×100
8d5d2b84 825170c9 win32k!xxxSetWindowPos+0xf6
8d5d2c08 82517701 win32k!xxxActivateThisWindow+0×2b1
8d5d2c38 82517537 win32k!xxxActivateWindow+0×144
8d5d2c4c 824fd9dd win32k!xxxSwpActivate+0×44
8d5d2ca4 82502c98 win32k!xxxEndDeferWindowPosEx+0×278
8d5d2cc4 824fff82 win32k!xxxSetWindowPos+0xf6
8d5d2d10 82a5342a win32k!NtUserSetWindowPos+0×140
8d5d2d10 76ee64f4 nt!KiFastCallEntry+0×12a (TrapFrame @ 8d5d2d34)
01e2cea0 7621358d ntdll!KiFastSystemCallRet
01e2cea4 6a8fa0eb USER32!NtUserSetWindowPos+0xc
01e2cf14 6a894b13 IEFRAME!SHToggleDialogExpando+0×15a
01e2cf28 6a894d5d IEFRAME!EleDlg::ToggleExpando+0×20
01e2d74c 6a895254 IEFRAME!EleDlg::OnInitDlg+0×229
01e2d7b8 762186ef IEFRAME!EleDlg::DlgProcEx+0×189
01e2d7e4 76209eb2 USER32!InternalCallWinProc+0×23
01e2d860 7620b98b USER32!UserCallDlgProcCheckWow+0xd6
01e2d8a8 7620bb7b USER32!DefDlgProcWorker+0xa8
01e2d8c4 762186ef USER32!DefDlgProcW+0×22
01e2d8f0 76218876 USER32!InternalCallWinProc+0×23
01e2d968 76217631 USER32!UserCallWinProcCheckWow+0×14b
01e2d9a8 76209b1d USER32!SendMessageWorker+0×4d0
01e2da64 76235500 USER32!InternalCreateDialog+0xb0d
01e2da94 76235553 USER32!InternalDialogBox+0xa7
01e2dab4 76235689 USER32!DialogBoxIndirectParamAorW+0×37
01e2dad8 6a5d4952 USER32!DialogBoxParamW+0×3f
01e2db00 6a5d5024 IEFRAME!Detour_DialogBoxParamW+0×47
01e2db24 6a8956df IEFRAME!SHFusionDialogBoxParam+0×32
01e2db58 6a8957bb IEFRAME!EleDlg::ShowDialog+0×398
01e2e638 6a8959d3 IEFRAME!ShowDialogBox+0xb6
01e2eb9c 6a9013ed IEFRAME!ShowElevationPrompt+0×1dd
01e2f010 7669fc8f IEFRAME!CIEUserBrokerObject::BrokerCoCreateInstance+0×202
01e2f040 76704c53 RPCRT4!Invoke+0×2a
01e2f448 76d9d936 RPCRT4!NdrStubCall2+0×2d6
01e2f490 76d9d9c6 ole32!CStdStubBuffer_Invoke+0xb6
01e2f4d8 76d9df1f ole32!SyncStubInvoke+0×3c
01e2f524 76cb213c ole32!StubInvoke+0xb9
01e2f600 76cb2031 ole32!CCtxComChnl::ContextInvoke+0xfa
01e2f61c 76d9a754 ole32!MTAInvoke+0×1a
01e2f64c 76d9dcbb ole32!AppInvoke+0xab
01e2f72c 76d9a773 ole32!ComInvokeWithLockAndIPID+0×372
01e2f778 7669f34a ole32!ThreadInvoke+0×302
01e2f7b4 7669f4da RPCRT4!DispatchToStubInCNoAvrf+0×4a
01e2f80c 7669f3c6 RPCRT4!RPC_INTERFACE::DispatchToStubWorker+0×16c
01e2f834 766a0cef RPCRT4!RPC_INTERFACE::DispatchToStub+0×8b
01e2f86c 7669f882 RPCRT4!RPC_INTERFACE::DispatchToStubWithObject+0xb2
01e2f8b8 7669f7a4 RPCRT4!LRPC_SCALL::DispatchRequest+0×23b
01e2f8d8 7669f763 RPCRT4!LRPC_SCALL::QueueOrDispatchCall+0xbd
01e2f8f4 7669f5ff RPCRT4!LRPC_SCALL::HandleRequest+0×34f
01e2f928 7669f573 RPCRT4!LRPC_SASSOCIATION::HandleRequest+0×144
01e2f960 7669ee4f RPCRT4!LRPC_ADDRESS::HandleRequest+0xbd
01e2f9dc 7669ece7 RPCRT4!LRPC_ADDRESS::ProcessIO+0×50a
01e2f9e8 766a1357 RPCRT4!LrpcServerIoHandler+0×16
01e2f9f8 76ecd3a3 RPCRT4!LrpcIoComplete+0×16
01e2fa20 76ed0748 ntdll!TppAlpcpExecuteCallback+0×1c5
01e2fb88 76e11174 ntdll!TppWorkerThread+0×5a4
01e2fb94 76efb3f5 kernel32!BaseThreadInitThunk+0xe
01e2fbd4 76efb3c8 ntdll!__RtlUserThreadStart+0×70
01e2fbec 00000000 ntdll!_RtlUserThreadStart+0×1b

2: kd> !process 890ff430 1f
PROCESS 890ff430  SessionId: 1  Cid: 18a4    Peb: 7ffdc000  ParentCid: 1fdc
DirBase: 7fbf04e0  ObjectTable: da89fb80  HandleCount: 852.
Image: iexplore.exe

THREAD 89141db0  Cid 18a4.19c8  Teb: 7ffdf000 Win32Thread: bc373d18 WAIT: (Unknown) UserMode Non-Alertable
    8915b020  SynchronizationEvent
Not impersonating
DeviceMap                 da7f9680
Owning Process            890ff430       Image:         iexplore.exe
Attached Process          N/A            Image:         N/A
Wait Start TickCount      56879          Ticks: 1634 (0:00:00:25.531)
Context Switch Count      12410  NoStackSwap    LargeStack
UserTime                  00:00:00.078
KernelTime                00:00:01.234
Win32 Start Address iexplore!wWinMainCRTStartup (0x004031b9)
Start Address kernel32!BaseProcessStartThunk (0x77e617f8)
Stack Init b5672000 Current b56717c4 Base b5672000 Limit b566c000 Call 0
Priority 4 BasePriority 4 PriorityDecrement 0
ChildEBP RetAddr              
b56717dc 80833ec5 nt!KiSwapContext+0x26
b5671808 80829c14 nt!KiSwapThread+0x2e5
b5671850 bf89ab73 nt!KeWaitForSingleObject+0x346
b56718ac bf8c4ba6 win32k!xxxSleepThread+0x1be
b5671948 bf8a13e0 win32k!xxxInterSendMsgEx+0x798
b5671994 bf8a132f win32k!xxxSendMessageTimeout+0x1f3
b56719b8 bf85ca01 win32k!xxxSendMessage+0×1b
b5671a7c bf85da04 win32k!xxxCalcValidRects+0xea
b5671ad8 bf85de2e win32k!xxxEndDeferWindowPosEx+0xf2
b5671af4 bf861cf2 win32k!xxxSetWindowPos+0xb1
b5671b3c bf882098 win32k!xxxProcessEventMessage+0×232
b5671c7c bf89b89e win32k!xxxScanSysQueue+0×21e
b5671ce4 bf89c529 win32k!xxxRealInternalGetMessage+0×2aa
b5671d48 8088b41c win32k!NtUserPeekMessage+0×42
b5671d48 7c82860c nt!KiFastCallEntry+0xfc (TrapFrame @ b5671d64)
0012e6e8 7739bde5 ntdll!KiFastSystemCallRet
0012e714 7739be5e USER32!NtUserPeekMessage+0xc
0012e740 02935f8c USER32!PeekMessageW+0xab
0012e7b4 02936150 IEUI!DUserRegisterSuper+0×920
0012e7d4 40d2ee98 IEUI!PeekMessageExW+0×42
0012e818 40d2abf4 IEFRAME!CBrowserFrame::FrameMessagePump+0×23
0012e824 40d2bc63 IEFRAME!BrowserThreadProc+0×3f
0012e848 40d2bbb1 IEFRAME!BrowserNewThreadProc+0×7b
0012f8b8 40d2ba61 IEFRAME!SHOpenFolderWindow+0×188
0012fae8 00401484 IEFRAME!IEWinMain+0×2d9
0012ff2c 0040131f iexplore!wWinMain+0×2c6
0012ffc0 77e6f23b iexplore!_initterm_e+0×1b1
0012fff0 00000000 kernel32!BaseProcessStart+0×23

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -

PDB files for TestDefaultDebugger

Sunday, December 12th, 2010

Due to many requests especially from the readers of Memory Dump Analysis Anthology I’ve published symbol files for TestDefaultDebugger tools (TestDefaultDebugger.exe and TestDefaultDebugger64.exe). They can be downloaded from this location: (2.5Mb)

- Dmitry Vostokov @ + -