What is the difference between AMD and Intel?

A. Both have online versions of processor manuals. But Intel also ships them in paper format for free (the paper is worse in the latest revision than 2 years ago but books are a bit lighter now):

Information on how to order them can be found here:


AMD docs can be downloaded from here:


Comparing both online manuals I see sometimes that certain concepts are explained better in AMD docs and vice versa, so it is recommended to check both. It is also evident that AMD and Intel had to rephrase instruction descriptions differently when they talk about the same things, for example, BOUND instruction:

AMD:  Check Array Bound
Intel:  Check Array Index Against Bounds

- Dmitry Vostokov @ DumpAnalysis.org -

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